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Utilization of Geographical Information System technology as a solution to route traffic on the road transport
25 November 2008

Ema Utami and Anisa Rahmanti

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The development of the world is running so rapidly increasing human capacity in line in the process of information. Data that can be processed in such a way so that it becomes information that is accurate, timely and relevant. But the complexity of human problems more widespread, and make not only enough to find answers to subjective questions, such as identifying an object. Questions related to location, such as the search location, and conditional questions about the characteristics of an object on the phenomenon, has become another important factor that must be considered that the data is able to meet the requirements to become an information that supports human life. Similarly, the growing population and community dynamics that create a high data bereferensi geographic or geospatial data to be quickly expired. It is therefore necessary that an information system capable of handling geospatial data to become more easily searched, analyzed and represented as well as facilitate the revision and update data. Information system known as the Geographical Information System. This system is used to enter, store, call back, process, analyze, and geospatial data to support decision making in the planning and management of land, natural resources, environment transportation facilities, cities, and other public services.

Surakarta is a barometer city of progress in Central Java Province. Remember that very strategic, because the borders with the two other provinces, as a city of trade and industry developing rapidly. In addition to discussing the progress in the field of trade and industry, also known as Surakarta, Central Java cultural tourism at the same time potentially high, both natural tourism, culture, and education. Potential cities to high demand for community Surakarta always dynamic. Support city transportation infrastructure is absolutely necessary to support the dynamics of the community. This can be proved by the fact that the public transport terminal in Surakarta, the terminal is the largest and highest activities in Central Java.

Office of Transportation Road Traffic (DLLAJ) Surakarta, as the institutions responsible for the problems this will be that the geographic information system in the process and visualize geographic data to support the decision making process. Settings manually route was not efficient and effective, from the cost and time, mistakes can be made that impact on the productivity of poor people and trigger a more complex problem. With the support of geographic information systems that focus on the public transportation routes in Surakarta, can be expected to contribute in building the infrastructure for the city life better.

Keywords: Location, Geographical Information System, the Office of Transportation Road Traffic.